ICANN (an acronym for Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers) is a private, non-profit organisation committed to maintaining the stability and interoperability of the Internet by administering the complex network of domain names. ICANN was officially founded in 1998: before then, its tasks were entrusted to an internal association within the US Department of Defence, IANA.

The association now is not strictly related to a single nation, in fact its management is entrusted to a collective council composed of representatives of governments, companies and associations operating in the network. 

Among the activities carried out by ICANN, the main ones are:

  • DNS management;
  • The control of top-level domains (TLDs).
    ICANN, specifically, creates TLDs by collecting international applications; delegating the issuing to accredited companies;
  • The drafting and constant updating of the WHOIS, a network protocol that, by aggregating several databases, lists all existing domain names, associated IP addresses and information on owners and operators. The expiry date of the domain and associated name servers can also be found within these documents. 

ICANN also supervises registrars, the companies to which they entrust the sale and registration of domain names, establishing direct contact with the customer (registrant). Likewise, they supervise the registries, i.e. the companies that maintain the databases dedicated to domains, IP addresses and related information. 

Registrars and registries must be approved directly by ICANN before they start operating, while domain name resellers are dependent on registrars.

Correlated words


'Hard' monetary policies aimed at raising interest rates to combat inflation.


Monetary policy characterised by low interest rates and higher levels of employment aimed at fostering economic growth.


Organisations that manage all information relating to top-level domains.


Stringa di caratteri associata in String of characters uniquely associated with a resource on the World Wide Web. univoca ad una risorsa sul World Wide Web.

IP address

Numeric strings that uniquely identify every resource to the network

Web 3.0

A term often associated with the idea of the 'Semantic Web' and data interoperability, it represents the next phase of the Internet.


Organisation that deals with the sale and registration of domain names.


Hierarchical server system that, on the Internet, associates each domain name with an IP address.


The domain extension placed at the end of a URL address,located at the highest point in the DNS hierarchy.

Financial Market

The financial market is a regulated space where financial securities can be bought and sold.


Cashback involves a partial reimbursement of funds spent in a transaction.


Third historical phase of the web, during which the economic and technological system of the internet changes thanks to the tools offered by blockchain.


The longest-lived cryptocurrency on the market and the first application of blockchain.

Wallet address

The string of characters that identifies a cryptocurrency wallet.


Cryptocurrencies pegged to the price of a stable asset such as a fiat currency or precious metal.


Managing one's wallet by knowing its private key

White Paper

Technical and informative document used by cryptocurrency projects to present their technological proposal.


Software that allows you to send, receive and store your cryptocurrencies.

Virtual Currency

Term used in legislation to define cryptocurrencies.

Fiat Currency

Legal tender, i.e. the official currency adopted by a government.


Digital unit of value based on a third-party protocol.

Satoshi Nakamoto

The pseudonym of the creator or group of Bitcoin developers. Their true identity is unknown and they no longer have an online presence.


Open-source software is public and available for anyone to reuse.


Identity verification procedure required by European regulations for exchanges.

Hard Fork

A division of the blockchain due to the incompatibility of the new version of the protocol with the previous one.

Hot Wallet

A cryptocurrency wallet connected to the internet.


The halving of the reward given to miners for producing Bitcoin blockchain blocks.


A sector that combines finance and technology, where companies develop technologically innovative financial services.


The branch of computer science that studies secure communication methods.


Virtual currency based on cryptography and blockchain.


A cryptocurrency that is natively based on its blockchain

Public Key

Cryptographic code that identifies a wallet on the blockchain.

Private Key

Cryptographic code that gives access to a wallet.


Tools that simplify the development of apps and web services.


Cryptocurrencies that followed Bitcoin as alternative solutions.


Anti-money laundering regulations prevent illegal activities on centralised exchanges.


The procedure applied to solve a problem.


Services facilitating the purchase and sale of digital assets based on daily market prices.

Download the Young Platform app

Downaload From Google PlayStoreDownaload From Apple Store